Ankle Articles

My colleagues and I have created a list of articles we recommend to read prior to taking the OCS and SCS exam.   Study hard!


Hargett CW, et al. Clinical probability and D-dimer testing: How should we use them in clinical practice?Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2008; 29(1): 15–24.

Wells PS, et al. Evaluation of D-dimer in the diagnosis of suspected deep-vein thrombosis. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2003; 349(13): 1227-1235. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa023153.

Wells PS, et al. Value of assessment of pretest probability of deep-vein thrombosis in clinical managementLancet. 1997; 350: 1795-1798.

Beckenkamp PR, Lin C-WC, Macaskill P, Michaleff ZA, Maher CG, Moseley AM. Diagnostic accuracy of the Ottawa Ankle and Midfoot Rules: a systematic review with meta-analysisBritish Journal of Sports Medicine. 2017; 51(6): 504-510. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096858.

Whitman JM, Cleland JA, Mintken P, et al. Predicting Short-Term Response to Thrust and Nonthrust Manipulation and Exercise in Patients Post Inversion Ankle SprainJournal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 2009; 39(3): 188-200. doi:10.2519/jospt.2009.2940.

Martin RL, Davenport TE, Paulseth S, Wukich DK, Godges JJ, Altman RD, Delitto A, DeWitt J, Ferland A, Fearon H, MacDermid J. Ankle stability and movement coordination impairments: ankle ligament sprains: clinical practice guidelines linked to the international classification of functioning, disability and health from the orthopaedic section of the American Physical Therapy Association. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 2013 Sep;43(9):A1-40.

Carcia CR, Martin RL, Houck J, Wukich DK, Altman RD, Curwin S, Delitto A, DeWitt J, Fearon H, Ferland A, MacDermid J. Achilles pain, stiffness, and muscle power deficits: achilles tendinitis: clinical practice guidelines linked to the international classification of functioning, disability, and health from the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 2010 Sep;40(9):A1-26.

Martin RL, Davenport TE, Reischl SF, McPoil TG, Matheson JW, Wukich DK, McDonough CM, Altman RD, Beattie P, Cornwall M, Davis I. Heel pain—plantar fasciitis: revision 2014. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy. 2014 Oct 31.

Patterson, SM. Cuboid Syndrome: A review of the literature. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 5, 597-606

Jennings J, Davies GJ. Treatment of cuboid syndrome secondary to lateral ankle sprains: a case series. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2005;35(7):409-15.

Bachmann LM, Kolb E, Koller MT, Steurer J, ter Riet G. Accuracy of Ottawa ankle rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and mid-foot: systematic review. Bmj. 2003 Feb 22;326(7386):417.

Mansfield CJ, Bleacher J, Tadak P, Briggs MS. Differential examination, diagnosis and management for tingling in toes: fellow’s case problem. Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy. 2016 Nov 30:1-6.

Desmond EA, Chou LB. Current concepts review: Lisfranc injuries. Foot Ankle Int. 2006;27:653-660.

Albisetti, Walter, et al. “Clinical evaluation and treatment of posterior impingement in dancers.” American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 88.5 (2009): 349-354.

Kulik Jr SA, Clanton TO. Tarsal coalition. Foot & ankle international. 1996 May;17(5):286-96.

Scharfbillig RW, Jones S, Scutter SD. Sever’s disease: what does the literature really tell us?. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. 2008 May;98(3):212-23.

Khan AQ, Sherwani MA, Gupta K, Siddiqui YS, Hali NZ. Kohler’s disease. Saudi medical journal. 2008;29(9):1357-8.

Roche AJ, Calder JD. Treatment and return to sport following a Jones fracture of the fifth metatarsal: a systematic review. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2013 Jun 1;21(6):1307-15.

Wells PS, Owen C, Doucette S, Fergusson D, Tran H. Does this patient have deep vein thrombosis?. Jama. 2006 Jan 11;295(2):199-207.

McCrory P, Bell S, Bradshaw C. Nerve entrapments of the lower leg, ankle and foot in sport. Sports Medicine. 2002 May 1;32(6):371-91.

Hossain M, Makwana N. “Not Plantar Fasciitis”: the differential diagnosis and management of heel pain syndrome. Orthopaedics and trauma. 2011 Jun 30;25(3):198-206.

Coughlin MJ. Mallet toes, hammer toes, claw toes, and corns: causes and treatment of lesser-toe deformities. Postgraduate medicine. 1984 Apr 1;75(5):191-8.

Eleftheriou K, Rosenfeld P. Lisfranc injury in the athlete evidence supporting management from sprain to fracture dislocation. Foot Ankle Clin N Am. 2013;18:219-236.